Annual YNP bison count slightly lower than last
Estimates show decrease in 200 bison since last summer
Weekly Wire Services
Yellowstone National Park has completed its annual summer bison population monitoring.
The population is estimated to be 3,700 bison. The estimate is based on a series of aerial surveys. There are an estimated 2,300 bison on the Northern Range this summer, with 1,400 in the Central Interior herd. Winter mortality was estimated at 500 bison.
There were 583 calves of the year observed in a June aerial survey.
The population was estimated at 3,900 bison last summer. The peak population estimate of 5,000 bison was recorded in the summer 2005.
The observed rate of population change this past year is within the natural range of expectation for wild bison. The rate at which wildlife populations increase is a reflection of the combined effects of reproduction and mortality, and is heavily influenced by age structure of the population, and environmental conditions.
This population estimate is used to inform adaptive management strategies under the Interagency Bison Management Plan (IBMP). Specific management actions may be modified based on expected late winter population levels based on this estimate.
The IBMP is a cooperative plan designed to conserve a viable, wild bison population while protecting Montana’s brucellosis-free status.
The cooperating agencies operating under the IBMP are the National Park Service, the U.S. Forest Service, the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, the Montana Department of Livestock, the Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks, the Inter- Tribal Buffalo Council, the Confederated Salish Kootenai Tribes, and the Nez Perce Tribe.